In simple terms, a prolapsed hemorrhoid is an internal hemorrhoid that has slipped down from within the anal canal and is protruding out of the anus. They are classified as either 2nd, 3rd, or 4th degree hemorrhoids.
2nd Degree Hemorrhoids: These are a common type of internal hemorrhoids that usually prolapse during bowel movements, but retract inside the anal canal on their own. They also may at times bleed (but not always).
3rd Degree Hemorrhoids: These hemorrhoids prolapse, but they are not able to retract on their own. They must be physically pushed back inside. These also can be associated with bleeding.
4th Degree Hemorrhoids: These hemorrhoids prolapse, but cannot be pushed back inside. This condition is also referred to as incarceration of the hemorrhoid and can be quite painful. When the hemorrhoids have been incarcerated, their blood supply can get cut off and lead to gangrene. Fourth degree hemorrhoids also include thrombosed hemorrhoids.
How to Treat Prolapsed Hemorrhoids
For the best way to treat prolapsed hemorrhoids, you should consult with your doctor in order to get a proper evaluation of your condition. However, in general, 2nd degree hemorrhoids may be treated using non-invasive treatments such as suppositories and natural hemorrhoid treatments. For more serious 3rd and 4th degree hemorrhoids, more invasive measures are usually taken. This doesn’t always mean having surgery as there are various non-operative methods that can effectively eliminate the hemorrhoid. However, in some instances, a hemorrhoidectomy may be called for. For more information on operative and non-operative methods of treatment, click here.